The Basics of a Septic System
The septic tank system is a small, on-site sewage treatment and
disposal system buried into the ground. The system has two essential
parts: (1) the tank, and (2) the soil absorption area.
Solid material overflowing into the soil absorption area should be
avoided at all costs. It is this overflow that clogs the soil's
pores and causes septic systems to fail.
Two main factors cause solid material to build up enough to cause
an overflow: (1) bacterial deficiency, and (2) lack of slude removal.
Bacteria MUST BE PRESENT in the septic tank to break down and
digest the organic solids. Normal household waste normally provides
enough bacteria to digest the solids.
UNLESS any harm is done to the bacteria. Bacteria are very sensitive to
environmental changes, so check the labels of products you normally use in
the home; products carrying the harsh warning "HARMFUL OR FATAL IF
SWALLOWED" are most likely harmful to bacteria as well. The following
commonly-used home-care products can reduce the bacteria population required
for proper septic tank operation, EVEN WHEN USED ACCORDING TO THE DIRECTIONS:
- Toilet Cleaners
- cleaning Compounds
- Sink & Tub Cleaners
- Caustic Drain Openers